2012 SAPRO Analysis

By the Pentagon's own estimate, the vast majority of victims — 89 percent — do not report sex crimes. By comparison, in the civilian justice system, about 65 percent of sexual assaults go unreported, according to the Justice Department.

SAPRO Report Analysis

·        The number of estimated unwanted sexual contact and sexual assault incidents skyrocketed 36%, from 19,300 assaults in 2011 to 26,000 in 2012.

·        Rates of reporting dropped from 13.5% in 2011 to 9.8% in 2012. In 2011, victims reported 3,192 out of 19,000 incidents, compared to 2012, where victims reported just 3,374 out of 26,000 incidents [1].

·       The number of female victims of sexual assault increased from 4.4% in 2011 to 6.1% in 2012, and the number of male victims increased from 0.9% in 2011 to 1.2% in 2012 [2]·        

Charges and initiated courts-martials and convictions decreased in proportion to the number of sexual assault incidents.

o    In 2012, commanders initiated action on only 4.3% of incidents – a decrease of 1.1% from 2011.

o   The numbers of initiated courts-martial fell from 2.5% in 2011 to 2.2% in 2012.  

o   While the number of perpetrators convicted of committing a sexual assault increased from 191 in 2011 to 238 in 2012, the conviction rate dropped from 1% in 2011 to 0.9% in 2012 due to the sharp increase in incidents of sexual assault[3].

Across the services, 74% of Females and 60% of Males perceived one or more barriers to reporting sexual assault. [4]

NOTE: According to a 7 month investigation by the San Antonio Express, a survey of 1,200 service members who sought help since 2003 at the Military Rape Crisis Center found that 90% of victims who reported sexual assault where involuntarily discharged.

 

Comparison: 2012 vs 2011 SAPRO Reports

Category
FY2012
FY2011
Total Estimated Cases
26,000
19,000
Total Reports
3,374
3,192
Unrestricted
2,558
2,439
Restricted
816
753
Investigations Completed
2,610
2,449
Court-Martial Charges Preferred
594
489
Proceeded to Trial
302
240
Convicted
238
191
Allowed to resign/be discharged in lieu of Court-Martial
70
48
Acquitted
64
49
Rape
676
746
Aggravated Sexual Assault
724
723
Aggravated Sexual Contact
92
68
Abusive Sexual Contact
308
102
Wrongful Sexual Contact
580
619
Indecent Assault
6
7
Non-consensual Sodomy
162
162
Attempts to Commit Offenses
10
12

Key Facts and Info

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The Alternative

Senator Gillibrand's Opening Remarks At Personnel Sub-Committee Hearing

Center For American Progress Report on Sexual Assault In The Military

Key SAPRO Report Findings

Page 21: Of the Active Duty women who indicated that they experienced USC and did not report it, 50 percent believed that nothing would be done with their report, and 43 percent heard about negative experiences other victims went through who reported their situation.

Page 27: 62 percent of respondents who experienced unwanted sexual contact perceived some form of social, administrative, and/or professional retaliation.

Page 18: Of the Active Duty women who indicated experiencing USC and did not report it to a military Authority -- 66 percent said they felt uncomfortable making a report.

Page 27: Of those women who experienced unwanted sexual contact and did not report it, 47% indicated fear of retaliation or reprisal as the reason for not reporting

Of the 2,588 unrestricted reports in 2012:

  • 1,560 (61%) were for rape, aggravated sexual assault or non-consensual sodomy (see full breakdown below left)
  • ONLY 302 CASES OF ALL REPORTED CASES WENT TO TRIAL.